What Is The Difference Between Switchboard And Control Board?

When discussing electrical systems, the terms “switchboard” and “control board” often come up. Despite their names, they refer to different components within the electrical infrastructure.

Here’s a look at their differences:

Electrical Switchboards

Definition and Function: An electrical switchboard is a central hub in electrical distribution systems. It manages and distributes electricity from one or more sources to various load circuits.

Key Features:

  • Component Housing: Contains switches, fuses, and circuit breakers.
  • Safety Mechanisms: Prevents electrical overloads and short circuits.
  • Customization: Can be tailored to specific facility needs.
  • Voltage Handling: Handles high voltage, suitable for commercial or industrial settings.

Usage: Used in commercial buildings, industrial facilities, and large residential complexes to distribute power safely and efficiently.

Control Boards

Definition and Function: A control board is a panel housing switches for controlling electrical circuits.

Key Features:

  • Controls: Contains switches for turning circuits on and off.
  • Components: numerous components compared to switchboards.
  • Lower Voltage: Handles low and extra low voltage levels.
  • Ease of Use: User-friendly for quick access and control.

Usage: Common in industrial manufacturing settings, managing electrical tasks like process control.

Key Differences

  1. Complexity and Components:
  • Switchboards: Basic, with fewer components.
  • Control Boards: Complex, with numerous components.
  1. Voltage Handling:
  • Switchboards: Low/high voltage.
  • Control Boards: Low/extra low voltage.
  1. Customisation:
  • Switchboards: Highly customisable.
  • Control Boards: High customisation.
  1. Safety and Protection:
  • Switchboards: Advanced safety features.
  • Control Boards: Basic protection.


Switchboards and control boards serve distinct roles. Switchboards are essential for complex, low/high-voltage systems in large facilities, while control boards handle complex, low/extra low-voltage tasks in smaller settings. 

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